The 6th edition of the APA style guide made some major changes to the earlier edition. If you have questions not addressed in this guide, please refer to this print source:
The format varies depending on the type of publication but the basic formula looks like this:
Lastname, F. (date). Title(s) go here. Publisher city/name OR vol(iss)pp OR url.
Within the text of the paper, use parenthetical references to briefly acknowledge the use of another author's material.
The full citation for each parenthetical reference must be included in the reference list.
Page numbers are required for quotation; they are suggested for paraphrased material.
The global debt crisis is having a strong impact on women and children in developing nations (Bronstein, 1982).
Bronstein (1982) contends the global debt crisis is having a strong impact on women and children in developing nations (p. 277).
Berry, W. (1981). The gift of good land. San Francisco: NorthPoint.
Winston, B. L., Reinhart, M. L., Sacker, J. R., Gottlieb, W., Oscar, B., & Harris, D.P. (1980). Nepal in crisis: Growth and stagnation at the periphery. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Del Castillo, A. R. (Ed.). (1990). Between borders: Essays on Mexicana/Chicana history. Encino: Floricanto.
Gonzalez, R. (1987). Distinctions in western women's experience: Ethnicity, class, and social change. In S. Armitage (Ed.), The women's west (pp. 237-252). Norman: University of Oklahoma.
Ayoade, J. (1989). The culture debate in Africa. The Black Scholar, 20 (2-3), 2-7.
Ferguson, S. (1990, September/October). America's frustration with the homeless. Utne Reader, 41, 50-55.
Lohr, S. (2004, December 3). Health care technology is a promise unfinanced. The New York Times, p. C5.
Environmental audits being considered by EC. (1991, February 11). Wall Street Journal, p. A8.
Madden, E. H. (1973). Civil disobedience. In Dictionary of the history of ideas (Vol. 3, pp. 25-37). New York: Scribner's.
Borman, W. C., Hanson, M. A., Oppler, S. H., Pulakos, E.D., & White, L. A. (1993). Role of early supervisory experience in supervisor performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78(3), 443-449. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.78.3.443
Borman, W. C., Hanson, M. A., Oppler, S. H., Pulakos, E.D., & White, L. A. (1993). Role of early supervisory experience in supervisor performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78(3), 443-449. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/apl/
Thompson, D. (2015, Jul). A world without work. The Atlantic Monthly, 316, 50-61. Retrieved from http://www.theatlantic.com/
Nikesh, A. (2008, May 18). Online revolution: Adapt or die. Sunday Times. Retrieved from http://www.timesonline.co.uk
Shotten, M. A. (1989). Computer addiction? A study of computer dependency [DX Reader version]. Retrieved from http://www.ebookstore.tandf.co.uk/html/index.asp
Schiraldi, G. R. (2001). The post-traumatic stress disorder sourcebook: A guide to healing, recovery, and growth [Adobe Digital Editions version]. doi:10.1036/0071393722
Graham, G. (2005). Behaviorism. In E.N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Fall 2007 ed.). Retreived from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/behaviorism/
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. (2011). Aquaculture frequently asked questions. Retrieved from www.fishwatch.gov/farmed_seafood/aquaculture_faqs.htm
Van Nuys, D. (Producer). (2007, December 19). Shrink Rap Radio [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.shrinkrapradio.com
bfy. (2007, January 22). Re: The unfortunate prerequisite and consequences of partitioning your mind [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://scienceblogs.com/pharyngula
Psychometric assessment. (n.d.). Retrieved January 28, 2007 from The Psychology Wiki: http://psychology.wikia.com/wiki/Psychometric_assessment
hbll production. (2010, July 15). Study like a scholar, scholar [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ArIj236UHs