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Citation Styles

Note on APA 7th edition

The APA released the 7th edition of its Publication Manual in October, 2019. This Cal Maritime Library guide refers to the 6th edition, which is probably what your classes are using. If in doubt, check to see if your professor has a preference. 

General formula

The format varies depending on the type of publication but the basic formula looks like this:

Lastname, F. (date). Title(s) go here. Publisher city/name OR vol(iss)pp OR url.

  • "F" stands for first initial. Include the middle initial if it is given.
  • Date = year for books. Date = year, month for journal articles. Date = year, month, day for newspaper articles.
  • Journal, magazine, and newspaper article citations have two titles: the article title and the name of the publication. See below for examples.
  • The last piece depends on if you are citing a book, an article, or a website. See below for examples.

In-text Citations

Within the text of the paper, use parenthetical references to briefly acknowledge the use of another author's material.

The full citation for each parenthetical reference must be included in the reference list.

Page numbers are required for quotation; they are suggested for paraphrased material.

EXAMPLES

The global debt crisis is having a strong impact on women and children in developing nations (Bronstein, 1982).

--OR--

Bronstein (1982) contends the global debt crisis is having a strong impact on women and children in developing nations (p. 277).

In-Depth Resources for APA Citations