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Citation Styles

Which Style to Use?

Talk to your professor. Both APA and MLA are used at Cal Maritime.

APA: American Psychological Association

MLA: Modern Languages Association

APA citation places greater emphasis on publication date, while MLA requires more author detail.

Why Cite?

  • To provide evidence for your argument.
  • To help readers track down interesting or useful sources.
  • To credit those whose ideas or words you are using.
  • Anything less is plagiarism.

Citation helps us all share knowledge.

Why All the Fussy Rules?

Citations are a form of shorthand from pre-hyperlink days. Getting the format right can be a pain, but it accomplishes two purposes:

  • Communicates critical information in fewest characters possible.
  • Standardizes a long list of cites so they are easier to read


This citation gives extra information via the order and italics required by APA style for magazine articles.

Why Citation is Important (video from Kimbel Library)

California State University Maritime Academy

Cal Maritime Library
200 Maritime Academy Drive
Vallejo, CA 94590 

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